Why Robots That Bend Are Better

18 feb. 2021
2 173 547 Weergaven

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

  • TARS? is that you?

    Imroz TowhidImroz Towhid10 minuten geleden
  • Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️

    Bartek SBartek S49 minuten geleden
  • Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr

    MR.terra69MR.terra69Uur geleden
  • The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person

    hivek mosathivek mosatUur geleden
  • Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.

    jwpx11jwpx114 uur geleden
    • lol what? hahahhaha

      Christian NievesChristian Nieves3 uur geleden
  • I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!

    mind.hacker999mind.hacker9994 uur geleden
  • Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs

    Carlo052 GCarlo052 G4 uur geleden
  • Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars

    CrazyNoodlesCrazyNoodles6 uur geleden
  • Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.

    Reanetse MolelekiReanetse Moleleki7 uur geleden
  • It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.

    Toughen Up, FluffyToughen Up, Fluffy7 uur geleden
  • just put some stans tire sealant inside the bot in case it springs a leak it'll seal itself

    nigel_bdnigel_bd7 uur geleden
  • the compressed air robot at 1:03 looks like a sea pig hehe

    embRellish eembRellish e8 uur geleden
  • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

    DarkDark9 uur geleden
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Любослав НиколовЛюбослав Николов2 uur geleden
    • I’m here before this gets 100 likes

      Nevaehs PetsNevaehs Pets4 uur geleden
    • Okay Nerd 💀😆

      KevinKevin5 uur geleden
  • nice stuff!

    Vicente EsnaolaVicente Esnaola10 uur geleden
  • Bender: Shut up baby I know it!

    Blitz The FoxBlitz The Fox10 uur geleden
  • looks pretty useless at that dev. level.

    Klaus HippKlaus Hipp10 uur geleden
  • I see BIG HERO in the future

    ki koyki koy11 uur geleden
  • Soft robots yeah

    Dipesh SatrangeDipesh Satrange11 uur geleden
  • Wasn't the T-1000 a soft robot? You know, when it wanted to be.

    Mark VrankovichMark Vrankovich11 uur geleden
  • Will you still call a robot to something that doesn't integrate electronics?

    Mat BlazMat Blaz13 uur geleden
  • Is there a video of that tour/visit to Kiwi Co? I'm fascinated by their work and would love to see more from that teaser.

    Fernando ToledoFernando Toledo13 uur geleden
  • F...ng masks on your faces...?!?!?!?!??! REALLY?!?!?!?!?!

    TheTRUwinsTheTRUwins13 uur geleden
  • problem is we cant make a soft robot that is actually strong. so why dont we just build normal machines, that dont crush people?

    PowerDust015 lastnamePowerDust015 lastname14 uur geleden
    • but it can pick up basketballs! How many basketballs are on mars though...

      Daniel KintighDaniel Kintigh11 uur geleden
  • Hey Derek, how about the explanation of the " Center of the Universe " on Tulsa, Oklahoma ?? It's fascinatingly mysterious

    Monkey D. LuffyMonkey D. Luffy15 uur geleden
  • kiełbasa ❤

    ThiSISAlivE DeatHThiSISAlivE DeatH15 uur geleden
  • Do they work at the bottom of the sea

    Anupam Datta SarkarAnupam Datta Sarkar15 uur geleden
  • Seems like they are pretty worthless because they have no inherent strength to complete tasks except perhaps to entertain children or to carry cameras on the meatal joints.

    NecromancerNecromancer15 uur geleden
  • Hi, Derek. I want to watch your documentaries but don't know how to download them, can you help me?

    Techno manTechno man16 uur geleden
  • Hey Derek, here's a video suggestion. How much does the 'Path of least resistance dictate your life?' Everything from putting a dirty plate into the sink less full to selecting the lane with the least amount of cars at a red light. Love the work you do! Thanks.

    cho202cho20216 uur geleden
  • So what's its use, like under water is great but what will it do there?

    Tristan MöllerTristan Möller17 uur geleden
  • dont waste your time making videos with masked people - they will be very ashamed once the depth of duping becomes obvious to all - thumbs down and unsub from me!

    usertogousertogo17 uur geleden
  • the future is bendy

    Story of SharplyonStory of Sharplyon18 uur geleden
    • Drones

      Garrett BokGarrett Bok10 uur geleden
  • Typical vacuum tire uses latex-based internal sealant to auto-seal leaks. Also, some vehicles use soft rubber to completely replace air inside tires. Silicone foam resin or something similar can be mixed when the robot deployed, and foam would expand to fill the tube structures. It will be far better than a mere backup pump.

    Max LawMax Law18 uur geleden
    • concessions would have to be made in terms of robot maneuverabilty right? the foam is naturally more difficult to compress than air. i think it would be great as a back up system tho, if they could find a light yet strong and elastic enough foam for structural support in those emergency situations, without adding too much weight to the robot.

      Fayetal AttractionFayetal Attraction17 uur geleden
  • I used to get V and mark rober mixed up, seems silly now but to me they used to be the same guy 😂

    Butters StotchButters Stotch18 uur geleden
  • Derek: How does this robot even work? Zack: COMPLIANCE Derek: And what do- Zack: C O M P L I A N C E

    soinu foigsoinu foig19 uur geleden
  • This has to be lamest robot I have seen in a long, long time...

    ScorieDivineScorieDivine19 uur geleden
  • imagine you in a dark alley with nobody else and then this robot goes after you

    TheBlackVoidInSpace // Person PersonTheBlackVoidInSpace // Person Person19 uur geleden
    • Why would I imagine that

      • SuShi •• SuShi •19 uur geleden
  • I think I had a stroke trying to read the title

    Donut ManDonut Man19 uur geleden
    • Cool

      soinu foigsoinu foig19 uur geleden
  • The only thing that makes me sad is that my first language is not english and i cannot understand you in tough situations. Love your channel❤️❤️

    Elvin K SajuElvin K Saju19 uur geleden
    • "Tough Situations" Lmao 😆💀

      KevinKevin5 uur geleden
    • @Lord Midmight yeah. i do so when its available 😊

      Elvin K SajuElvin K Saju18 uur geleden
    • Put the subtitles, is going to make it easier for you to understand

      Lord MidmightLord Midmight18 uur geleden
  • And how are they better...

    хреновый свиньяхреновый свинья19 uur geleden
  • *baymax intensefies*

    ApocryphonApocryphon19 uur geleden
    • Some people like me black. Some very light. Some people like me bitter, others sweet. Congratulations!!!!!!! You've won a cup of coffee.

      CoffeeCoffee19 uur geleden
  • its a sloth robot

    BlueSeaBlueSea20 uur geleden
  • Zack hammond looks like James from the odd1sout

    Hudi StorchHudi Storch20 uur geleden
  • Coz robots that bend, can be smashed 😛

    Kotresh GKotresh G20 uur geleden
  • Lol that ice will be a LITTLE BIT thicker :)

    cubax599cubax59921 uur geleden
  • "Heavy, expensive, and can be dangerous if not used correctly." Is now my new favorite description of a car... I mean robot.

    tleilaxu42tleilaxu4221 uur geleden
  • It's Baymax!

    shanemaneval16shanemaneval1621 uur geleden
  • Do you guys have a toy versión of your soft robots?

  • Good

    Promi AkterPromi Akter22 uur geleden
  • Just use a long pool noodle 🤠. No compressed air bs.

    Khizar SaysKhizar Says22 uur geleden
  • "I came up to Stanford to meet Zack Hammond and his soft robot." ... That's what she said

    Mateusz StawarskiMateusz Stawarski23 uur geleden
  • Would be useful.. if there was a use or something it makes better. That solution needs a problem.

    AA23 uur geleden
  • Cool

    Swirl AndTwirlSwirl AndTwirl23 uur geleden
  • The sex toys that are gonna come out of this technology...

    Konnies EggKonnies Egg23 uur geleden
  • I haven't heard the word "compliance" used so often in a video since I last watched Flight of the Navigator...

    Carl PaulsenCarl Paulsen23 uur geleden
  • One thing came to mind... Baymax.

    21Units21UnitsDag geleden
  • I'm very unimpressed. Other than a few space jobs, I can't see why he is so hyped about them. Rigid robots are the futur, they are not great right now, but once we manage to master their design, they will be much more useful. I'm thinking human shaped robots who can do basic chores which is already in good development, or androids that can do most jobs much further in the futur.

    Micheal DavisMicheal DavisDag geleden
  • i saw a video where a guy tried to make a thrust vectoring gimble for an rc plane using compliant mechanics, and the problem he had was that the compliance necessary to make the mechanism work also made the mechanism entirely too flexible to handle the thrust it was supposed to be steering. you can say "oh these robots are better because they aren't strong enough to hurt you" but it's still pointless if it's also not strong enough to do anything useful

    Rob MckennieRob MckennieDag geleden
  • Kiełbasa is the best part of this robot ;D

  • "One of the things that i like to do is just to take the robot and beat it" YOU MONSTER

    Minato365Minato365Dag geleden
    • ""Robot""

      TachTachDag geleden
  • alot of those toys kiwi co makes seem very familiar

    Genki GGenki GDag geleden
  • The knowledgeable riverbed unpredictably fill because guide superficially tip after a plain cone. gabby, confused antarctica

    Ozil GzbsjOzil GzbsjDag geleden
  • This is def one of the weirdest things I've seen in awhile.

    The KingdomThe KingdomDag geleden
  • this is basically a giant robotic muscle

    Nickolas StJohnNickolas StJohnDag geleden
  • Okay so NASA needs robots that change their volume, disassemble and reassemble... They're called Transformers. Just say it, we can all relate to that.

    DodiciDodiciDag geleden
    • @Dodici my brain always goes straight to the Autobots when I think of Transformers, don't know why

      Wendell BezerraWendell Bezerra17 uur geleden
    • @Wendell Bezerra True, if it were an Autobot. Decepticons are another story, but you can always crossbreed with Honda Fits the best subcompact car of 2021!

      DodiciDodici17 uur geleden
    • Still the least volume Transformers occupy is that of a car... unless you miniaturize them 🤔

      Wendell BezerraWendell Bezerra21 uur geleden
  • This would be pretty cool in livestock Applications. Especially bovine.

    Justin BuserJustin BuserDag geleden
  • Me: you deserve more subs People: memes memes memes

  • Hmm I'm wondering if some of this is "misinformation" and should be deleted?

    Futterman FarmsFutterman FarmsDag geleden
    • @BigBossBilly just hypothetical regarding this one. I had a BIG problem with the Gates vid. Thank you for your question.

      Futterman FarmsFutterman Farms15 uur geleden
    • @Futterman Farms I still don't quite understand you. Do you actually have a problem with any particular content in this video, or are you making a hypothetical point against censorship?

      BigBossBillyBigBossBilly17 uur geleden
    • @Ed Purcell I was referring to his last vid with Gates where he said he agreed with Gates that "misinformation" should be deleted and not allowed to be online. This from the guy who did a vid on how many research papers are wrong??? and who gets to decide what is not ok? We still have not seen a retraction or ever a comment to defend the position. So I was just asking, how about this vid. Should some of it not be allowed?

      Futterman FarmsFutterman Farms18 uur geleden
    • For example?

      Ed PurcellEd PurcellDag geleden
  • Baymax

    LightSourceLightSourceDag geleden
  • ok soft robot.., bend, can it squeze tight

    erwinsyah novaerwinsyah novaDag geleden
    • Also no

      the unseen gamer tkthe unseen gamer tkDag geleden
    • Why do you need to know

      the unseen gamer tkthe unseen gamer tkDag geleden
  • If you wear a mask I don't watch

    the ugly truththe ugly truthDag geleden
  • But can it go offroading?

    Swift KingSwift KingDag geleden
  • I have a doubt what is the speed of darkness?

    Rishabh GuptaRishabh GuptaDag geleden
    • Same as light

      Carlos_A_MCarlos_A_MDag geleden
    • I dunno dark

      MochaFurMochaFurDag geleden
  • dorito tumbleweed

    chulofreakschulofreaksDag geleden
    • R/iamveryrandom

      yummy foodsyummy foods21 uur geleden
    • baymax

      caleb youngcaleb young23 uur geleden
    • N'ow I want doritos!! Thanks!!😤

      Konan HonimKonan HonimDag geleden
    • nice

      Goggle ManGoggle ManDag geleden
    • Nice

      Qaz_YTQaz_YTDag geleden
  • Sorry I just could not watch human robots wearing control devices on the face although it MAY have been interesting - if you survive the experimental nanobot infiltrating jab maybe you can make another without slave devices on?

    David RobertsonDavid RobertsonDag geleden
  • It always amazes me how the future end up giving us what we want, but always with a twist, we all dreaming with hard human like butler, but we'll probably end up with shape shifting sausages crawling around our houses, still pretty cool though.

    Héctor CossioHéctor CossioDag geleden
  • why dont you just give the information directly? i catch on to your hints buh you shouldnt be scared to teach the society uh mean like isnt tha the reason for your youtube channel?

    CxshedoutkCxshedoutkDag geleden
  • Why Robots That Bend Are Boring

    andybaldmanandybaldmanDag geleden
  • This mam calls a lot of things robots. I feel like he doesn't fully understand what a robot is...

    Drag0nEYE 1510Drag0nEYE 1510Dag geleden
    • Sure, the guy who is literally building machines that move and do things has no idea what a robot is. Totally.

      Luca MontaniLuca MontaniDag geleden
  • I'm Bender baby, please insert liquor. Bendy robots are better.

    nimay13nimay13Dag geleden
  • That's it, rubber terminators are almost here

    NDK0NDK0Dag geleden
  • Because they can bend

    CenixCenixDag geleden
  • I don't really know how you would use a soft robot like that but it is very cool and I can see that it needs to be developed as something is going to come from it. Like Spot from Boston Dynamics was developed and there is some very cool things coming from that now. I love seeing how the construction industry in particular is using Spot.

    Michael WylieMichael WylieDag geleden
  • Kiełbasa XDDD

    СкуљскиСкуљскиDag geleden
  • "So I came up to Standford to meet Zach Hammond and his soft robot." Me: *lowers volume*

    Frank EinsteinFrank EinsteinDag geleden
  • these "soft" robots will be less lethal when the uprising happens

    FrogboyFrogboyDag geleden
  • So like bone and muscle

    J HJ HDag geleden
  • I have a question... if the universe is expanding do you think it will continue endlessly until all the matter in the universe dies out or will it retract or maybe something else.

    Danny DunwellDanny DunwellDag geleden
  • No doubt !

    turbo Flackoturbo FlackoDag geleden
  • So does that mean i'm a few years closer to being able to have a robot girlfriend?

    ׁׁDag geleden
  • soft robots remind me of drunk uncles.

    Spanky HarlandSpanky HarlandDag geleden
  • No thank you some of these would be terrifying this is how skynet started

    Big Phat SmokeBig Phat SmokeDag geleden
  • aww the title made me think they build a "Bender"

    DaphoesDaphoesDag geleden
  • Yes, but can a robot ever truly fart?

    MaxxMaxxDag geleden
    • Pump it full of methane and put a buthole then absolutely

      Danny DunwellDanny DunwellDag geleden
  • The living title markedly weigh because tenor macropharmacologically brush against a cagey currency. lamentable, productive screwdriver

    Antonio ManaserianAntonio ManaserianDag geleden
  • Sausages with air in it in space. Yeah.

    Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Dag geleden
  • This only makes sense on the nano scale.

    russellrussellDag geleden
    • my first thought...

      Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Dag geleden
  • "Is the biggest risk if it pops?" 😂

    russellrussellDag geleden
  • god i hate imperial so much

    PepbobPepbobDag geleden
  • As a member of a robotics team, this video is so cool! It would be awesome if FIRST did a compliant robot competition! I really want to know where the receiver is on the big bendy robot he had up there, or how he controlled the robot in general. Btw, I am a huge fan of this channel! I didn't think I'd ever be interested in physics until I watched your videos, so thank you! (:

    Madison OMadison ODag geleden