Dogs vs Cats: The Diversity Paradox

18 feb. 2021
315 133 Weergaven

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Different dogs look incredibly different - but that doesn't mean they are necessarily more diverse.
To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
phenotypic diversity - the range of different observable traits in a certain organism - for example, size, color, strength, and friendliness.
genetic diversity - the variation in the genetic information within and among individuals of a population or species
artificial selection (or selective breeding) - a process used by humans to develop new organisms with desirable characteristics
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Kate Yoshida | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Josh Taira | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music
MinuteEarth is produced by Neptune Studios LLC
Sarah Berman • Arcadi Garcia Rius
David Goldenberg • Julián Gustavo Gómez
Melissa Hayes • Alex Reich • Henry Reich
Peter Reich • Ever Salazar • Kate Yoshida
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Hedrick P. & Andersson L. (2011) Are dogs genetically special? Heredity 106: 712-713.
Lampi S. et al. (2020) Variation in breeding practices and geographic isolation drive subpopulation differentiation, contributing to the loss of genetic diversity within dog breed lineages. Canine Medicine and Genetics 7(1): 1-10.
Lyons L. (2009) Recent advances in cat genetics. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, Volume 4.
Menotti-Raymond M. et al. (2008) Patterns of molecular genetic variation among cat breeds. Genomics 91(1): 1-11.
Ostrander E. & Wayne R. (2005) The canine genome. Genome Research 15(12):1706-16.
Parker H. et al. (2004) Genetic structure of the purebred domestic dog. Science 304: 1160-4.
Plassais J. et al. (2019) Whole genome sequencing of canids reveals genomic regions under selection and variants influencing morphology. Nature Communications 10.

  • Thanks for making us the luckiest dogs on NLworld! Want to become our Patreon or member on NLworld? Just visit or click "JOIN". Thanks!

    MinuteEarthMinuteEarth16 dagen geleden
    • 1 why do we need to know the name of the narrator while other videos they just go along with it saving minutes? will knowing kate help us in the video? no 2 it sounds like she tries super hard to be cute and eccentric, just lay it all out next time we've been watching your videos and some of them just strikes us as really try hard pedantic

      Jason BatemanJason Bateman6 dagen geleden
    • please lose the repetitive music it distracts from the narrative and the narrative is a bit sing-songy too which also distracts i can’t finish watching this as it is forced and sounds phony

      briansmuttibriansmutti10 dagen geleden
    • Was feeling a li'l cat-atonic until watching the video... Thanks for the upload! Instant sub for you!! 😎👍🏼

      Yusuf GinnahYusuf Ginnah12 dagen geleden
    • They are already breading serval cats into house cat lines, which makes them a fair amount bigger.

      nacorannacoran13 dagen geleden
    • Interesting video but the narrators voice is rather annoying

      Liam MorgansLiam Morgans14 dagen geleden
  • Han han I get the joke categories

    Raju RaoRaju Rao3 minuten geleden
  • Patreon link in video description has small mistake(!)

    JoshJosh13 uur geleden
  • Literally 99% won’t see this but God bless u stay safe I’m struggling to get 1k with notis ❤️

    da boybenda boyben14 uur geleden
  • I don't get how they can tell us at the beginning that dogs have few genetic diversity (with an image comparing two dogs from two different breeds), and then at the 2:00 mark they conclude that dogs from one breed to the other are very genetically different

    ZeracybZeracyb22 uur geleden
  • Cats are always better. Dogs are desperate for human love. Cat's allow you to pet, groom and feed them.

    SakonemaSakonemaDag geleden
  • giant cats already exist though, Maine coons are a meter tall on average. that's the size of a 4-year-old.

    Une MangousteUne MangousteDag geleden
  • No pls no big cattos, i love them the way they are rn

    CatsRGamingCatsRGamingDag geleden
  • which also means no bigger cats are not suitable for pets lol so this is fine, and I am talking Maine Coons are already to big...

    Niji no shitaNiji no shitaDag geleden
  • please don't try to breed specific trades into cats just don't do to them what you did to dogs people, they are perfect as is

    Niji no shitaNiji no shitaDag geleden
  • Lol. I see what you did there

    Adventures with KAdventures with K2 dagen geleden
  • Could it be theoretically possible for a house cat to be breed to the size of a lion?

    Waluigi Is the bestWaluigi Is the best2 dagen geleden
  • "Breeding giant cats might be a giant cat-astrophe" (Ligers and Tigons are laughing 😹)

    Martin PierceMartin Pierce3 dagen geleden
  • yes i want big cat

    RoseRose3 dagen geleden
  • This video explained breeds vs species to me more than my curious Google searches

    Armored WingsArmored Wings3 dagen geleden
  • *I mean Dogs vs Cats in my opinion dogs WILL ALWAYS win and i'm allergic to cats so thats good i'll never have a cat anyway and i dont really like cats thats also good😅*

    HughHugh4 dagen geleden
  • Jaguars can crack your skull with their jaws, and yet they are cats. Big cats.

    Tom FTom F4 dagen geleden
  • i do like your stuff

    Reid Fleming, World's Toughest MilkmanReid Fleming, World's Toughest Milkman4 dagen geleden
  • How about we stop trying to play god by forcefully breeding our pets and "companions" just to google over their looks?

    kazuYoshikazuYoshi4 dagen geleden
  • Dog owners: "What's the breed? Huskey?" "Nooooo! It's an Alaskan Malamute-pitbull-corgi-pug mix!! How can you get it wrong!! I hate you!" Cat owners: "What breed is that?" "Orange"

    Slightly IntriguingSlightly Intriguing5 dagen geleden
  • There are many types of big, medium and small cats, lions, tigers, pumas, caracals, servals, ocelots, sand cats, bobcats

    AnitaAnita5 dagen geleden
    • This video is talking domesticated house cats, not wild cats

      Armored WingsArmored Wings3 dagen geleden
  • 2:11 Cat egories. 3:27 Cat astrophy

    مجهول الهويهمجهول الهويه5 dagen geleden
  • Cat's:you can't improve perfection

    debian lasmanadebian lasmana5 dagen geleden
  • Según evolución creo, especialización, convergencia genética y lo omnivoros, así como que siguen un patrón algoritmo genético de evolución, si ya detectaron eso quiere decir que ya vieron como funciona parte de la diversidad, posibilidades, ramificaciones de fractal, potencial evolutivo, creo y hasta como se comienza a leer de un lenguaje genético a otro, los encrptados se ven creo conforme hay convergencia genética y evolutiva, llegar al mismo lugar o solución por otra vía, como color de piel, es el mismo resultado pero en distinta especie, en uno llegó a color claro pero es otra parte del adn y viceversa del otro, son los mismos elementos químicos o bioquímicos de la tabla periódica pero de diferentes orígenes de el adn, llegar al mismo lugar por diferentes caminos, relacionados por ancestros de evolución, sugerencia los científicos, genetistas, biológos saben más.

    Al ToAl To5 dagen geleden
    • Es como ver una maquina cuántica donde cada individuo es una posibilidad de la misma especie, solo con maquinas cuánticas se podrá analizar esto a futuro a menos que sepas las posibilidades desde un único, como saber que caminos tendrá si sabes de la dimensión 4d, cada persona es única y a su vez no lo es, es una forma de que la especie humana y masa sobreviva, sin mencionar redes neuronales, adn oscuro y como esta máquina se adapta al planeta, su geografía, alturas, latitudes, clima y gravedad, por eso en marte terraformado 0.55g y con luna se vería la siguiente etapa del adn, la evolución y hasta nuevo adn que facinara a la comunidad científica, ver otra vez esta máquina diversificarse cubriendo posibilidades como máquina cuántica pero de individuos vivos, sugerencia, buenos videos minuteearth gracias.

      Al ToAl To5 dagen geleden
    • La diversidad es cubrir posibilidades como una máquina cuántica, pero en la realidad, cada posición, posibilidad y de una ramificación creo, como un fractal, como la dimensión 5 o 6 creo pero en biológico, sin embargo luego en selección, la mejor solución es la que queda generalmente, por eso creo que ciertos animales se recruzan, donde se regresa a la especie, una máquina biológica de una especie que se rejunta para volver a diversificarse para no morir ni extinguirse, junto otras estrategias genéticas o que sólo los científicos conocen de cómo funcionan las máquinas biológicas, sugerencia.

      Al ToAl To5 dagen geleden
  • Came for the question, stayed for the animal puns :D

    Benjamin Joseph BrunerBenjamin Joseph Bruner5 dagen geleden
  • I want a giant cat 😿

    horse14thorse14t5 dagen geleden
  • Ok but when we gonna breed Great Dane and Tea Cup Chihuahua versions of cats? Let's get to it!

    Neanderthal Tom Cave Beast Sociopathic Parasite -Neanderthal Tom Cave Beast Sociopathic Parasite -5 dagen geleden
  • We need more giant cats 🐈

    Aya AvalonAya Avalon5 dagen geleden
  • fold is different to times... fold is more representative of 2^(fold)... imagine folding a piece of paper in half 5 times (5 Fold) you would end up with 32 layers of paper. Great content love the channel I've learned so much from you, I thought you could learn a thing from me :) x

    Barnaby PineBarnaby Pine6 dagen geleden
  • gaint donestic cat breed existed is called Savannah cat ... is Great Dane version of cat

    Leong Li YangLeong Li Yang6 dagen geleden
    • I wouldn't call a Savannah a fully domesticated cat, since they have Serval in them. Servals are wild cats

      Armored WingsArmored Wings3 dagen geleden
  • Masks PROTECT YOU and people around you!

    Roger SledzRoger Sledz6 dagen geleden
  • Thank you so much for uploading this video. It is helping me get through the pandemic!

    Roger SledzRoger Sledz6 dagen geleden
  • People who buy animals based on what they look like are shallow at best.

    ToriaToria6 dagen geleden
  • CATegories, heh.

    Kaiser BasileusKaiser Basileus6 dagen geleden
  • I really hope we don’t over breed cats like we have dogs....

    Apothegmatic RealityApothegmatic Reality6 dagen geleden
  • I think the most non diverse is humans. We come in pretty much the same size and same shape except for a few different colors...

    Cornucopia VideographyCornucopia Videography6 dagen geleden
  • I think breeding a large Maine-coon/lynx/cheeta/serval mix and then refining ou the different traits would be awesome (long legs of the cheeta, serval and lynx, no retractable claws, like cheeta, amicable and emotionally less temperamental, like a coon and a serval, more loyal and family oriented like a cheeta and a serval and a coon, large paws to make up for the lack of claws, like the lynx, then benefit from the health of the wild types), like successful wolfdog breeds, like the German Shepard, savanah cats have proven very successful (part domestic, part serval). And using 4 types of stock like this could render a varieties of coat colors, patterns, types, sizes, etc. If love a rich grey/spotted, medium/fluffy, lanky, social healthy cat that's 35 lbs, wants to snuggle and doesn't ruin my furniture.

    ravissary79ravissary796 dagen geleden
  • Stop breeding. Genetic diversity is good!

    Mr AnderssonMr Andersson6 dagen geleden
  • different cats act just as differently as dogs, if you get to know them :) dagen geleden
  • Videolarınıza Türkçe altyazı da ekleyebilir misiniz? 🌱

    Oyun GüncesiOyun Güncesi6 dagen geleden
  • Maybe we could also consider the health of the animals, too.. Pfft, jks, who cares about animals life experience, let's breed squash faced cats in kitten farms, they will look so cute!!

    Ben WalkerBen Walker6 dagen geleden
  • Thumbs up for the puns.

    gowzahrgowzahr6 dagen geleden
  • "big domestic cats would just be tigers" y'all are so... do you know what a wolf is.

    Arin KeplerArin Kepler7 dagen geleden
  • „another 100 years and careful breeding“... lets not :)

    カルマ [Karma]カルマ [Karma]7 dagen geleden
  • So dog genes are just very Versatile

    ErobErob7 dagen geleden
  • Can't wait until diverse cats bomb middle east

    thevirqthevirq7 dagen geleden
  • I hope we don't do to cats what we did to dogs.... some of these breeds are genetic monstrosities whose whole existence is a plethora of disease and pain

    BouncingBobBouncingBob7 dagen geleden
  • I think we already know that very big cats are dangerous

    logitech4873logitech48737 dagen geleden
  • oooooo

    fishyfishy7 dagen geleden
  • Very good example of the difference between phenotypes and genotypes

    SCP TimeSCP Time7 dagen geleden

    90% of Everything90% of Everything7 dagen geleden
  • Humans have been Inbreeding dogs into heavy healthy problems.

    SownheardSownheard8 dagen geleden
  • 3:16 Hundred years later, catgirls arrive...

    NayshjinNayshjin8 dagen geleden
  • YEAY human sized natural hunter that like to play with their food

    mobïus helldoctormobïus helldoctor8 dagen geleden
  • I want a giant cat.

    erieri8 dagen geleden
  • pog.

    Expiration DateExpiration Date8 dagen geleden
  • Diversity is a human concept!

    DANCERcowDANCERcow8 dagen geleden
  • 3:20 I would hate that so much

    Euclid TheoremEuclid Theorem8 dagen geleden
  • "Categories" I see what you did there.

    Zen-General 2011Zen-General 20118 dagen geleden
  • 3:23 No. The answer is 'no, it wouldn't be.' Actually, the answer is 'no, what's wrong with you who WOULDN'T want that?' but that's a mouthful.

    MinalkraMinalkra8 dagen geleden
  • Love dogs! Have my own vid for kids on choosing the dog.

    Animals with TomekAnimals with Tomek8 dagen geleden
    • Nice:) Will show my kiddo!

      A WA W8 dagen geleden
  • Yeet

    FrogboyaidanFrogboyaidan8 dagen geleden
  • Why would you try to breed cats like the dogs. Don't you guys know all the side effects the breeding caused? Are we all gonna pretend that doesn't exist and just sacrifice the cat's genetic health just for some unnatural huge cat?

    RokicatRokicat8 dagen geleden
  • This is all selective breeding, not genertic engineering. A lot of science folks like to equate this technique with those like capsid engineering, gold guns or CRISPR. MinuteEarth didn't do this here; it's just a point to make.

    Man In The HillsMan In The Hills8 dagen geleden
    • Selective breeding is a type of genetic engineering. The same process is why corn plants are so much bigger than they were in the wild, why watermelons don't have seeds, etc. Selectively breeding things for different traits = the very first form of genetic engineering

      Armored WingsArmored Wings3 dagen geleden
  • to everyone pointing out that we have lions Panthers and other wild felines, yes and we also have wolves and foxes. This is obviously about domestic pets. you donuts.

    ShakeitbabycakesShakeitbabycakes8 dagen geleden
  • Why so many downvotes?

    Joseph AngJoseph Ang8 dagen geleden
  • Je souhaite qu'un jour les gens comprennent que tous c'est croisement de chiens ne donne que des chiens au physique ridicule, avec des difficultés respiratoires ou avec des maladies génétiques, bref des petites abominations qu'on adore. De plus en plus d'éleveurs de chat cherchent à faire la même chose, leur but n'est pas d'améliorer une race ou encore de régler un problème, ils veulent seulement vous vendre un " bien " plus cher.

    Production PfiProduction Pfi8 dagen geleden
  • Selectively breeding dogs has led to a lot of problems in recent times. We haven’t messed with cats & that’s probably a good thing. Don’t get me wrong, different types of dogs for different jobs makes sense, but there’s no justifying what’s been done to brachycephalic dogs

    Gi GiGi Gi8 dagen geleden
  • I want cat with stilts and short body and cat with stubby legs with long bodies please

    Edward EstrellaEdward Estrella8 dagen geleden
  • Aahhh I’ve been wondering about this ever since I was a kid 😸

    EmiliapocalypseEmiliapocalypse8 dagen geleden
  • Considering how cats are generally assholes, it'd be really foolish to breed them into huge assholes

    hydrolife techhydrolife tech8 dagen geleden
  • 🐱: oh, I watch cats 101! They're pretty easy to memorize! You should watch it too! There's the Maine coon, SFSH/SFLH, Persian, Exotic, DSH/DMH/DLH, BSH/BLH (British blue), Bengal, Savannah, Siamese, OSH/OLH, Angora, Van, Bombay (DSH black cat), Russian blue (RSH), Somali, and the Abbie (or the abyssinyan if you have time)! 🐶: ehh? Dog breeds?...I regret watching dogs 101...there's the pit bull--_pit bull is not a breed!_ ok ok...there's the staffy, the bully, the frenchie, the chihuahua, the German shepherd, the bearded collie, the border collie...uhh...Boston terrier.....uhhhhhUOAAAAAA THERE'S TO MANY OF THEM (only zoophilists and ailurophilists can relate. 😹)

    just an SDR fan herejust an SDR fan here8 dagen geleden
  • Humans differ more than 0.1% in their genomes...

    Herr BönkHerr Bönk8 dagen geleden

    Arthur BellonArthur Bellon9 dagen geleden
  • A cat person definitely made this

    toad sagetoad sage9 dagen geleden
  • Kitteh

  • Short answer, we’ve never really bred cats past their base forms. So we really only see regional genetic differences dictated by availability of mates vs a specific breed genetic difference based on desired outcomes of mating by us an outside influence. AND this is probabaly due to the fact cats aren’t really domesticated as much as acclimatized to living in shared environments with humans. And why is that you ask? Cats have really had one primary job. Vermin extermination. Which they’re naturally pretty good at..... Dogs have had many more jobs that required very different behaviors and even physical characteristics that had to be planned for or protected during the breeding process to maintain instinctual behaviors or remove them.

    Bertelli JustinBertelli Justin9 dagen geleden
  • We bred dogs into the forms we needed. We didn't need to do that with cats, because they already had the exact body plan we needed.

    Prince ThunderflarePrince Thunderflare9 dagen geleden
  • This amount of paronomasias in one video should incur PUNitive measures

    magruseRmagruseR9 dagen geleden
  • Dogs are different because they have been bred for different jobs. Cats are always unemployed free loaders.

    Warwick LewisWarwick Lewis9 dagen geleden
  • We already do have giant "cats." Living with a tiger is ill-advised. A mastiff-sized domestic cat would probably be just as bad.

    Janet N.Janet N.9 dagen geleden
    • you don't know what "domestic" means

      eduardoeduardo6 dagen geleden
  • cat video, i watch, i click like

    severed6ssevered6s9 dagen geleden
  • This female is annoying

    theiconiumfoundationtheiconiumfoundation9 dagen geleden
  • Instead of breeding bigger cats like with did with dogs, why just not domestic tigers ? No suburb boy with a pitbull will annoy you anymore

    CaptainDangeaxCaptainDangeax9 dagen geleden
    • Because dogs are inherently more “domesticated” compared to cats. A pitbull is more trainable than a cat

      Gi GiGi Gi8 dagen geleden
  • That's because cats are already perfect.

    ASHERUISEASHERUISE9 dagen geleden
  • I hope we never recklessly breed cats. Munchkins are a scary trend.

    Hannah W.Hannah W.9 dagen geleden
    • What we’ve done to brachycephalic dogs in recent times is abhorrent. You’re right, let’s leave cats be!

      Gi GiGi Gi8 dagen geleden
  • "CAT-er-gories" Oh, hell no. No, you did not!

    Jay BinghamJay Bingham9 dagen geleden
  • 3:19 cat looks like its about to make a tiktok

    Cherub 1979Cherub 19799 dagen geleden
  • 3:19 KILL IT

    Cherub 1979Cherub 19799 dagen geleden
  • Breeding program not likely. Remember that when you bred to a standard the ones that don't meet that standard go in the trash. Notice how most breeds were developed in Germany , well at that time they also tested new medicines on death row prisoners not lab animals . It was a different time with different ethics.

    Kolila GephartKolila Gephart9 dagen geleden
    • @Warwick Lewis Selective breeding can be problematic even if done using “humane” methods. Case in point: brachycephalic breeds like pugs. Looking as dumb as they do sometimes comes at the cost of THEIR EYES LITERALLY POPPING OUT IF THEIR SKULLS, but that’s a price some breeders are willing to pay

      Gi GiGi Gi8 dagen geleden
    • Or you could just humanely sterilize the animals you dont select and sell them as pets. Like most breeders do.

      Warwick LewisWarwick Lewis9 dagen geleden
  • This is bizarre. I thought of this question for the first time yesterday after seeing a small cat. I shared it with no one and didn’t speak it out loud. The. This video appears in my recommended. Simulation?

    Seth SchaffnerSeth Schaffner9 dagen geleden
  • I don't know about breeding giant cats, but I would be quite happy with more tiny kitties

    Matthew CromeMatthew Crome9 dagen geleden
  • this was the most annoying thing I ever watched

    TheGhostHAGTheGhostHAG9 dagen geleden
  • Also dogs being social animals leads them to adopt expected behaviour.

    KaiserinmeliKaiserinmeli9 dagen geleden
  • catastrophic. a ha I see what you did there

    J HyourinmaruJ Hyourinmaru9 dagen geleden
  • We need giant cats NOWWWWWWWWWWW

    Toki HoshiashiToki Hoshiashi9 dagen geleden
  • It’s because cats are useless

    Lucas PattisonLucas Pattison9 dagen geleden
  • Disliked because you depicted the scientist as a black person - that's not representative of the real world, and thus I must conclude that you've engaged in virtue-signaling, i.e. "wokeness"... I hate that stuff.

    MK WarlockMK Warlock9 dagen geleden
    • Disliked your post because it implies all human beings are racist trash- which is not representative of the real world. You wouldn’t say this crap in person to others unless you wanted to be eliminated from the gene pool.

      Gi GiGi Gi8 dagen geleden
  • A friend recently asked what breed my cat was.. I was like, “idk just cat”

    Sam EppinkSam Eppink9 dagen geleden
    • My cat is inbred. He’s very cat. He just forgets how to cat sometimes. In case you’re wondering, it was not my doing, he was a stray at first

      Gi GiGi Gi8 dagen geleden
    • Purebred, 100% cat!

      VictoriaVictoria9 dagen geleden
  • The reason cats are all so similar is because cats are perfect already.

    KotaKota9 dagen geleden